Digitalization as an enabler of multi-lever internationalization of firms
Digitalization as an enabler of multi-lever internationalization of firmsANNA D’AURIA - MARCO TREGUA -ALESSANDRA DE CHIARA
Objectives. This work aims to investigate how institutions support companies to develop digitization processes and how these processes affect the performance and evolution of corporate activities in an international context with a view towards sustainable development.
Methodology. To accomplish this aim, a bibliometric analysis on scholars contributions is conducted and an analysis of reports by member states is presented via illustrations.
Findings. Three main issues guide the implementation of digital technologies in the domain of business internationalization: innovation, entrepreneurship, and market and competitive advantage. All these elements act as bridging elements between digitalization and internationalization, as they offer opportunities to join the international arenas.
Research limits. This research is based on official reports by member states, therefore further step of analysis on firms implementation of digital technologies would complement the insights acquired.
Practical implications. The implementation of digital technologies act as a catalyzer of internationalization process and multiple pathways towards the achievement of a fruitful internationalization may be achieved by firms.
Originality of the study. To the best of our knowledge this is one of the first studies operationalizing the digital technologies in the domain of international business strategy and to observe this phenomenon from the perspective of national governments.#Bibliometric analysis #Digitalization #European Union #innovation #Institutions #Internationalization