Entrepreneurial intention among students: a bibliometric review and an empirical analysis


Entrepreneurial intention among students: a bibliometric review and an empirical analysis


Objectives. Student entrepreneurship has received growing attention from many international scholars (Tomy & Pardede, 2020; Anjum et al., 2021). Within this abundant and recent literatures, some have investigated the role of external factors, such as the environment and the ecosystem of innovation (Anzivino et al, 2020); others have studied academic contexts in-depth, acknowledging their relevance in creating the right context for student entrepreneurship (Grimaldi et al., 2011). Others have focused on micro factors such as personality traits, locus of control and personal values (Bienkowska-Klofsten, 2012). However, despite the relevance of the phenomenon, both in the academic literature and among practioners, no recent analysis offers a literature perspective on student entrepreneurship. Thus, this paper aims to systematize the scientific production published to date in the business and management fields. Moreover, policy makers and practitioners could find the overview as a useful baseline for fostering the development of an entrepreneurial university and addressing its technological, managerial, and organizational implications. In this vein, a bibliometric analysis has been conducted to answer the following research questions:

RQ1. How has the business and management literature addressed the evolution of student entrepreneurship?

RQ2. What are the possible future trends for research on student entrepreneurship within the business and management research fields?

Bibliometric analysis represents an appropriate solution to achieve these objectives since it empowers scholars to identify a discipline’s most influential studies and relevant scientific activities (Merigò et al., 2015). Hence, it can become important to understand the role of the territorial context, both as regards regional policies on entrepreneurship and the determination of the scenario in which students operate (Salomaa, 2019; Pugh et al., 2018; Budyldina, 2018). Thus, stemming from the bibliometric analysis, we attempt to answer another research question:

RQ3. Which are the main factors that impact on EI in developing regions?

Thus, we propose an empirical assessment by investigating the impact of different key factors, on student Entrepreneurial Intention (EI) in an Italian developing Region (that is Calabria).

#Bibliometric analysis #entrepreneurial education fourth #entrepreneurial intention #student entrepreneurship